Z221 / Z222 Fix

For those who repair and/or change electrolytic capacitors on Amigas has probably sometime bumped into bad Z221 and Z222 which is the band pass filter and delay line. These components are cruical for the RF and Composite video output. When they are bad you can experience the following error.

Sadly these components are more or less impossible to find unless you take them from a donator board or old VHS tape player, until now ๐Ÿ™‚ I have been planning on doing a small replacement circuit based on the CXA1645 IC which is similar to the CXA1145 that is originally installed in the A1200/A600. A few weeks ago I accidentally found Daniel Tufvesson’s excellent homepage http://www.waveguide.se where he had tested the IC in an Amiga 600 with successful result.

I then decided to put my idea into real and also move from Sprin Layout to KiCAD ๐Ÿ™‚ The idea was also to add a S-Video port connector on the board and it had to fit between in both the Amiga 600 and 1200 without removing any components, accept the CXA1145 of course.

The first successful version was the following and that was also sent to a PCB manufacturer to make sample PCB’s.

Amiga 600 Version

Amiga 1200 Version

3D Render of the final PCB

After two weeks of wait it arrived so I could finally test it. I will do some small adjustments before I release the project as Open Source. Some of the 0603 pads where a bit small and better suitable for oven soldering. The circuit can either be direct attached to a 1.27 pitch header that is soldered on where the old CXA1145 was, or if a female header is used it can be removed if needed.

 

The old CXA1145 was removed with a hot air gun set to around 298 degrees celsius and then the pad were cleaned with cotton tips dipped in IPA. I used some Kapton tejp to isolate the area between the pads so no short would occur. The header is a 1.27 pitch angled header.

After a quick drag solder it was seated in the correct position. Nice and shiny solder ey? ๐Ÿ˜‰

First test with the replacement circuit was successful and if fit like a glove. The S-Video header is located slightly over the radial capacitors.

The test were successful and on this test PCB from a Amiga 1200 with dead, even removed Z222, the C-Video started to work without any issues. Now off for some test with S-Video.

Successful there as well. I need to adjust the signal some on the final version of the PCB and add a resistor pad, else it is perfect.

Back to KiCAD for some modifications!

4 thoughts on “Z221 / Z222 Fix

  1. Amiga Junkie

    Great work, it will be great to have a neat fix for dead Z221/Z222’s – can’t wait!


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